1975 B.Sc. (Hons). Applied Biology (Hatfield).
1979 M.B., Ch.B. (Birmingham).
1983 F.R.C.S. (Edinburgh).
1984 F.R.C.S. (England).
1988 M.D. (Newcastle upon Tyne).
1989 E.C.F.M.G. (American Licensing Examination).
1990 Kentucky Board of Medical Licensure.
1991 Accreditation in General Surgery.
2003 LLB (Hons). (Open University/College of Law).
2005 LLM (Medical Law). Northumbria University Law School.
2008 Certificate of Medical Education Bristol Medical School.
2010 National Laparoscopic Colorectal Training Programme accreditation. (LAPCO).